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Museo storico della Liberazione - Roma


Fascism, as every totalitarian regime, showed- starting from its leader, an ex journalist - a particular sensitivity to the development of communications and propaganda. Information and entertainment institutions were centralised in the capital, although they had been previously developed elsewhere. In order to exercise a control system, fascists elaborated meticulous directives and strictly censored publications and representations: culminating in establishing the Ministry of the cultura popolare (Minculpop). The private news agency Stefani was turned into a semi-official public authority. Fascist newspapers- such as Tevere and Impero- added to the traditional newspapers of the capital – Il Messaggero, La Tribuna, Il Giornale d’Italia, etc. The radio went through a major development, whose key production was moved from Turin to Rome: the Italian institution for radio auditions had two offices in Rome, in via del Babuino and in via Asiago. However the biggest innovation was the development of the public cinematography, with the creation of Cinecittà, the Experimental Italian national film school (a top institution for professions in the cinema), LUCE Institute (The Educational Cinematographic Union), center of production of the propaganda cinema.