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Museo storico della Liberazione - Roma

The Internees' Cell

Cell 14 houses clandestinely printed materials: pamphlets, leaflets and posters that reveal the actions of different political forces, of all social classes, involved in the Resistance. The most interesting is that in German aimed at German soldiers, inviting them to defect. It is estimated that about 400 soldiers actually did so. It appears that once they were captured and relieved of their weapons, their families were informed in a written communication that they had died in combat. Therefore they did not officially exist. One such former soldier, living underground with a false Italian identity and fake documents, had difficulty after the war regaining his real identity. He underwent legal proceedings as an impostor, since for the German authorities he had died in battle.

On the left, as soon as you enter, there is the prison uniform worn in the Mauthausen lager by  Vincenzo Colella , Italian army officer arrested by the Germans on 12 September 1943 near Caserta in Campania*1. Next to the door, on the right wall there is a map of central Europe showing the camps where  Internati Militari Italiani (IMO) were detained. On the wall opposite the entrance, to the left of the walled-up window, there is documentation on the battaglia di Montelungo   battle of Montelungo, fought by the Italian army of the Kingdom of the South on the southern front of Cassino from 8 to 16 December 1943. *2 There is also the identification card of partisan Adriano Ossicini, then a medical student, who at Fatebenefratelli hospital in Rome helped to hide people in danger of being arrested by the Germans (Jews and men of the Resistance). (indicate in-depth study no. 15 of the introduction:

** (second level note) The term “badogliano" had a negative connotation, since Badoglio represented the government that had betrayed the alliance with the Germans, by signing the armistice. All those who were loyal to the King and the government headed by Badoglio were called "badogliani". It should be noted that in the German Command note published by Agenzia Stefani, with which the population was informed of the German retaliation at the Fosse Ardeatine, the perpetrators of the Via Rasella attack were called “badogliani communist criminals”.