The Historical Museum of the Liberation was established with law 14 April 1957 n. 277 which recognized to it the legal entity of public personalities.

In the rooms of the former police headquarters and Nazi prison, today limited in structure and function, was made a conservative restoration and a partly reconstruction and created a set-up that had as reference the sacrarium and military memorials. After Giulio Stendardo’s death (1969) the Museum experienced a long period of stagnation until 1980 when Senator. prof. Paolo Emilio Taviani became president, until his death in 2001.

He was one of the leaders of the victorious resistance of Genoa, several times minister for DC and president of the Italian Federation of Liberty volunteers. He was supported and sustained by prof. Arrigo Paladini, already detained in Via Tasso, who became the director and who was helped by his wife Elvira Paladini Sabbatini (still director of the Museum). The relaunch of the Museum had as a strength an increasingly intense activity for schools, not just the roman one, in addition to the current more than 15,000 visitors a year.

On the ground floor it was authorized the installation of a partition wall and the construction of a classroom. The entire wing of the building, corresponding to the street number n. 145 was subjected to restrictions because of considerable historical interest and on the apartments established the State's right of first refusal. 2001, in occasion of the first day of memory (established with law n. 211 of 20 July 2000) was delivered to the museum, who staged the hall on the deportation of roman Jews, the apartment interior 9.

In the night between 22 and 23 November 1999 the Museum was bombed by anti-semites. Fortunately it did not cause fatal consequences but it only damaged the windows of the apartments and the apartments close to it.
The expression of solidarity following the december 8, with its more than 3500 people (1 per thousand of the population of Rome) helped strengthen the bond and the popular consensus around the Museum. In the most recent phase, as part of the Museum, various historical and documentary research initiatives were carried out.

They aimed at enriching the documentation and expanding knowledge. In addition, the Museum has initiated contacts in Italy and Europe to connect itself with similar institutions and memorial sites. 

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